However, I was more interested in finding if they were recipients of parish welfare. It was probably about this time that Robin and Mercy Bell and family were forced to return to Mereworth from East Farleigh where they had lived and worked for a number of years. With the bounty System for New South Wales the male members of the family would have applied to the Workhouse Union Clerk at Malling for an assisted passage. In England, prior to the establishment of the Poor Law Unions in , the parish was responsible for its poor. Also the tin lining for the trunk and tools for their trade. Immigration was encouraged but only the richer farmer could afford to go. By the first of the assisted immigration schemes to Australia were in place.
Many more taxes were introduced and although they mainly applied to the rich landowners they had a roll-on effect to the labourer in that as his taxes rose the landowner used them as an excuse to pay his workers less. The first list was for those who paid the parish poor rate. That summer was a very poor season, followed by a servere winter and again followed by a poor harvest. One set of records I had found useful in research in other parishes I have researched, was the Overseers Account Books, so I concentrated on those records to start with. He would have sent their application onto the Agent General for Emigration in London. Many applicants were turned down as they were not able to fit these conditions. The entries in the Overseers of the Poor Account Book distribution list was as follows: At the same time the colonies were calling for more agricultural labourers for the expanding wool trade. Of course the Industrial Revolution played its part too. Eligibility for free passage was determined by the Superintendent or his Agent at the interview. Many families were literally destitute and starving. All other luggage was stored preferably in a tin-lined trunk , in the holds to be retrieved and brought onto deck in calm weather about four or five weeks into the voyage. The applicant also had to tender certificates to his age and that of his wife and children. In England, prior to the establishment of the Poor Law Unions in , the parish was responsible for its poor. Despite gaps in surviving parish records I have been able to locate most of the baptisms, and in some cases burials, of members of this family in various church registers throughout Kent, England. It was probably about this time that Robin and Mercy Bell and family were forced to return to Mereworth from East Farleigh where they had lived and worked for a number of years. This family emigrated to New South Wales on the Woodbridge in Again the Mereworth Parish Overseers assisted. These records were in two lists. Having decided to emigrate the families had to full-fill very strict conditions for a free passage to Australia. There were two instances found for this period. The family were given ten pounds on landing in Sydney to help them live until they could arrange employment. Robin Bell b , the third son and fourth child of Thomas and Ann Bell of Mereworth, married Mercy Cheeseman in , and had a family of ten children. She died and was buried on 7 October By in the south of England agricultural labourers were paid only a pittance compared to what they had been and attempts were made to supplement his income from the parish poor rate. Other specified conditions for passage to Australia included a certain amount and type of clothing. As there were no entries between the end of June and early October, her parents may have had some hope that she was going to gradually get stronger.
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