Urinary tract infections are quite common, and unfortunately, getting one puts you at a greater risk of having more in the future. A urine sample is needed to check on which bacterium is causing any bout of cystitis. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication to numb your bladder and urethra. This is more likely if the vagina is dry during sex. The urethra, which is the tube through which urine exits the body from the bladder, is shorter in women than in men. It is usually caused by a urine infection.
Please select a newsletter A urinary tract infection UTI can strike anyone — even babies. The mucus around your vagina and opening of your urethra is slightly acidic which prevents bacteria from multiplying. Cystitis is also more common during pregnancy because of changes in the urinary tract. If recurring cystitis is a problem, you may need to discuss one of the options below with your doctor. That makes it quicker and easier for bacteria to infiltrate the bladder. Drink plenty of liquids, especially water, to help flush out bacteria Urinate often, especially when you feel the need Wipe from front to back after urination or a bowel movement Take showers rather than baths Gently wash the skin around your vagina and anus daily using a mild soap and plenty of water Use forms of birth control other than a diaphragm and spermicides Empty your bladder as soon as possible after intercourse Avoid deodorant sprays or scented feminine products in the genital area Studies show conflicting results on whether cranberry juice may have infection-fighting properties that help prevent urinary tract infections. Both men and women that have problems with bladder muscle function, known as neurogenic bladder , are also at risk for chronic UTIs due to retention of urine. Your doctor may arrange some tests if a problem is suspected. It is usually caused by a urine infection. However, if you have chronic UTIs, your doctor may likely prescribe long-term, low-dose antibiotics for more than one week after the initial symptoms subside. A medical professional will examine the sample of urine under a microscope, looking for signs of bacteria. Why do some women have recurring cystitis? In fact, women are 10 times more likely than men to get a urinary tract infection , and one in five women will have a UTI at some point. Urine culture test of a sample obtained with a catheter Visual exam of the bladder and urethra with a lighted scope cystoscopy Computerized tomography CT scan of the urinary tract Treatment is directed at the underlying cause, when possible. Antibiotics commonly used include trimethoprim and nitrofurantoin. After having sex, go to the toilet to empty your bladder. There are also other risks for UTIs in older adults. Stay hydrated and drink plenty of water; this will help rid your urinary tract of bacteria. The following may reduce the chance of cystitis developing after sex: Kidney or bladder stones Bacteria entering the urethra during intercourse Changes in estrogen levels during menopause An abnormal urinary tract shape or function An inherited risk of developing bladder infections genetic predisposition If you've had two or more culture-documented bladder infections during a six-month period, consider seeing a urologist — a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating urinary tract diseases. What are the treatment options for recurring cystitis? In many cases there is no apparent reason for a woman to get frequent attacks of cystitis. Menopause Menopause can cause similar problems in some women. Researchers are also studying the effects of probiotics on preventing cystitis but currently there isn't enough evidence to know if they are of any use either. If you get UTIs often, your doctor may give you antibiotics to take at the first sign of symptoms. These imaging devices take pictures of parts inside your body.
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Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Here's What You Need to Know
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