Results The 52 Black men cited various factors for the disproportionate occurrence of unmarried Black women; these factors were grouped into four themes: All of the men were married. While waiting to partner with a mate, the men advised Black women to focus on their own development and spiritual growth. One is a message of independence e. When the interviewers sensed that the men could say more about their experiences and offer a more detailed account of their perspectives or experiences during the interviews, they frequently encouraged the interviewee to talk more specifically about the issue. A number of the Black men interviewed for this study focused on the role of individual factors. The men also discussed the negative effects of incarceration on relationships.
Most men fathered two biological children range 0 —7. In such instances, the interviewer often relied on non-verbal cues and other observations of the manner in which the respondent answered the question. Other results point to how, from the perspective of these Black men, some strong, independent, self-reliant attitudes and behaviors may unintentionally undermine the formation and maintenance of long-term committed relationships such as marriage. Ethnographic work has highlighted how compromised educational and economic opportunities, as well as perceived loss of freedom, undermined the likelihood that men will marry Anderson, This group included four Black women and one White woman. The two interviewers digitally recorded each interview, and the recordings were electronically submitted to a transcriber. From this perspective, obtaining the opinions of married men is particularly important since men traditionally initiate marriage proposals. Of the couples who participated in ProSAAM, husbands had completed their three-year follow-up assessment by December 1, , marking their completion of the larger ProSAAM study and were thus eligible for participation in the present study called Pathways to Marriage. Other findings related to gender relations draw attention to troubling conditions among Black men that challenge the probability of marriage. Darrin proposed that women consider their desired qualities in a mate. In addition to gender relations, another micro-level factor to consider relates to interpersonal trust, which we address next. Next, data selection and condensation were carried out. Franklin offers an illustration of how conflicting sex roles may operate: They are gay lesbians. The husbands noted that many women are misguided in their approaches to attracting and keeping a mate. Black women have traditionally worked in the labor force to help sustain their families, but over time, they have become even more independent and less likely to marry solely for financial support Hill, ; Jones, ; Taylor et al. Fifty-two men consented to participate. Enslaved Black men were customarily removed from their families and communities, and thus, their function in family life was often more biological than social or financial Boyd-Franklin, ; Franklin, ; Staples, The consequences of same-sex partnering on declining numbers of mates available to partner in the marriage market has also been highlighted in earlier work Staples, Thus, the disproportionate number of Black women who are single has been well-documented. Regardless of the social inequalities they face, Collins asserted that Black men still must be held accountable for how they treat women, children, and each other. In some cases, participants provided more than one reason for the disproportionality in singlehood among Black women. The first author also reviewed study goals, the interview protocol, and the background for each question with the interviewers. Stop all that complaining and fussing and fighting and arguing. Available Black females outnumber Black males as a result of mortality, morbidity, and imprisonment among Black males and increased longevity for Black females Lane et al. Sixty-one-year-old Owen drew on his own personal experience and 22 years of marriage, recommending that dating couples attend religious services and activities together: Two married Black male interviewers conducted the interviews between January and April
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