Earthscan, London , pp. For centuries, armies have targeted natural resources and the environment to deprive enemies of cover, food, and support Austin , and the increased use of resources to finance conflicts has enhanced their value as a military objective Autessere The Environmental Consequences of War: There is growing recognition of the role of natural resources in building peace. Grievances over access to land have been central to wars in countries such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nepal Macours , Kay
For centuries, armies have targeted natural resources and the environment to deprive enemies of cover, food, and support Austin , and the increased use of resources to finance conflicts has enhanced their value as a military objective Autessere Please follow and like us: Armed groups in at least 18 conflicts have relied on revenues from diamonds, timber, coltan, and a range of agricultural crops from cacao to coca UN There is growing recognition of the role of natural resources in building peace. Environment, Natural Resources, and Peacekeeping Nairobi. The Trouble with the Congo: A 4-year research project coordinated by the Environmental Law Institute, the United Nations Environment Programme, the University of Tokyo, and McGill University found that between and , 51 of 94 peace agreements had provisions relating to natural resources, and all major peace agreements since then have included natural resources UN Reflections on rural violence in Latin America. Bruch, C, et al. Here we consider two alternative explanations for the evolution of human violence: Comhaltas Ceoltoiri Eireann and the revitalization of traditional music in Ireland. Resource-related conflicts are more likely to relapse, and do so twice as quickly compared with situations following conflicts without a link to natural resources Rustad From Conflict to Peacebuilding: Grievances over access to land have been central to wars in countries such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nepal Macours , Kay The Environmental Consequences of War: Instead, findings show that individuals are prone to violence in times and places of resource scarcity. Earthscan, London , pp. Since the end of the Cold War, conflicts based on resources have grown rapidly in number: The origin of human violence and warfare is controversial, and some scholars contend that inter-group conflict was rare until the emergence of sedentary foraging and complex sociopolitical organization, whereas others assert that violence was common and of considerable antiquity among small-scale societies. To test these hypotheses, we evaluate the relative importance of resource scarcity vs. United Nations Environment Programme. Greening the Blue Helmets: Resource scarcity drives lethal aggression among prehistoric hunter-gatherers in central California. Posted on May 6, by energyskeptic [ There are links as well as excerpts from several articles below. This study provides no support for the position that violence originated with the development of more complex hunter-gatherer adaptations in the fairly recent past.
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