Stalingrad became one of the centers of the Soviet heavy industry. During Konstantin Chernenko 's brief administration in , proposals were floated to revive its historic name. By early November, the German forces controlled 90 percent of the city and had cornered the Soviets in two narrow pockets, but they were unable to eliminate the last pockets of Soviet resistance before Soviet forces launched a huge counterattack on November As Stalingrad was destroyed during the war, in , the construction of the modern city started. At the beginning of the 17th century, the garrison consisted of to people.
Stalingrad became one of the centers of the Soviet heavy industry. General Pyotr Wrangel in Tsaritsyn, 15 October In the 19th century Tsaritsyn became an important river-port and commercial center. In the insurgent Cossack Kondraty Bulavin died July held the fortress. In the city came under the newly-established Saratov Governorate. Tsaritsyn was located far from these regions and therefore began to turn in a small peaceful provincial town. City tram on Gogolya Street in Volgograd on the map Kazan Cathedral Building of the Oblast Duma On 10 November , Nikita Khrushchev 's administration changed the name of the city to Volgograd "Volga City" as part of his programme of de-Stalinization following Stalin's death, as he was trying to reduce the "cult of personality". As Stalingrad was destroyed during the war, in , the construction of the modern city started. The first institute was opened in In the city acquired its first stone church, St. In Tsaritsyn was assigned to the Kazan Governorate ; in [ citation needed ] to the Astrakhan Governorate. The Battle of Stalingrad had perhaps the greatest casualty figures of any single battle in the history of warfare estimates are between 1,,  and 1,, . On January 30, , the Volgograd City Council passed a measure to use the title " Hero City Stalingrad" in city statements on nine specific dates annually. It included the memorial complex on the Mamayev Kurgan. In the 19th century, it became a large river port and trade center. From it belonged to the Saratov Viceroyalty. In troops of Stepan Razin captured the fortress; they left after a month. It was one of the turning points of the war, one of the biggest battles in history. This action was and remains somewhat controversial, given Stalingrad's importance as a symbol of resistance during the war. At the beginning of the 17th century, Tsaritsyn burned down and was newly rebuilt on the right bank of the Volga in During World War II, German and Axis forces attacked the city, and in it became the site of one of the pivotal battles of the war. According to the census in , the city had a population of people. The population expanded rapidly, increasing from fewer than 3, people in to about 84, in By September, the fighting reached the city center. One of the first "sister city" projects was that established during World War II between Stalingrad and Coventry in the United Kingdom — both suffered extensive devastation from aerial bombardment. Stalingrad was completely destroyed during the battle that lasted almost seven months. It soon became the nucleus of a trading settlement. The fort was named after the Tsaritsa River.
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